What is this medication?
Anticonvulsive Agent/other, GABA analogue
Gabapentin, Neurontin/Gralise is officially indicated for focal seizures, or post-herpetic neuralgia. It is also commonly prescribed off label for use in alcohol withdrawal/dependence, chronic cough, fibromyalgia, various forms of neuropathic pain, restless leg syndrome, vasomotor symptoms of menopause (may be used for other conditions not listed)
How does this medication work?
Gabapentin, Neurontin/Gralise is structurally related to GABA however does not bind GABA A/B receptors. Binding sites have been found in the brain presynaptically and effect on these sites is thought to modulate excitatory neurotransmitters which are involved in both neuropathic pain and seizures.
How should I take this medication?
Oral: 100-1200mg one to three times per day depending on condition it is used for, efficacy and patient tolerance to side effects
How to Take: Follow instructions provided by physician/pharmacy label, swallow whole, take consistently at same times each day unless otherwise directed, store at room temperature
You Need to Avoid: Mixing with sedatives, opioid pain killers, or other CNS depressants may cause decreased breathing rate which can result in overdose related mortality.
What should I watch for while using this medication?
Before starting Gabapentin, Neurontin/Gralise make sure your physician is aware of any allergies or medications you currently take, if you have kidney disease, myasthenia gravis, a history of substance abuse, or are pregnant or breastfeeding
What if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose of medication, try to take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, take only that scheduled dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
How should I store this medication?
Keep out of the reach of children at all times. Store at room temperature, 59 to 86° F (15 to 30° C). Protect from light. Keep the container tightly closed. Properly dispose of any unused medication after the expiration date.
What are the possible side effects of using this medication?
Dizziness, drowsiness, ataxia (uncoordinated movement), fatigue
Note this is not a complete list of side effects, only common ones.
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