What is this medication?
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor
Acetazolamide is indicated for treatment of altitude sickness, edema, elevated intraocular pressure, elevated intracranial pressure, epilepsy
How does this medication work?
Acetazolamide, Diamox works as a reversible inhibitor of the enzyme carbonic anhydrase resulting in reduction of hydrogen ion secretion at renal tubule and an increased renal excretion of sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, and water; this leads to an excretion of excess water. The result is a decrease in blood acidity and intracranial and intraocular pressure.
How should I take this medication?
Oral: 125mg up to 4000mg daily depending on indication.
How to Take: Take with food. You may experience a bitter taste and can try taking with either a carbonated beverage or suspension such as chocolate or cherry syrup to mask the taste.
What should I watch for while using this medication?
Before starting Acetazolamide, Diamox make sure your physician is aware of any allergies (sulfa) or medications you currently take, you may notice a decrease in mental alertness. Acetazolamide, Diamox should be used with caution in patients with diabetes, hepatic impairment, and those at risk of respiratory acidosis.
What if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose of medication, try to take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, take only that scheduled dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
How should I store this medication?
Keep out of the reach of children at all times. Store at room temperature, 59 to 86° F (15 to 30° C). Protect from light. Keep the container tightly closed. Properly dispose of any unused medication after the expiration date.
What are the possible side effects of using this medication?
The frequency of side effects is not well defined, however the following have been reported flushing, ataxia, confusion, depression, dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, headache, paresthesia, electrolyte abnormalities, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, glycosuria, decreased appetite, crystalluria, hematuria, aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia.
Note this is not a complete list of side effects for Acetazolamide, Diamox only common ones
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