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What is this medication? 

Acarbose, Precose/Glucobay
Antidiabetic Agent, Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitor

Brand Name US: Precose
Canadian Equivalent: Glucobay

Acarbose is indicated for treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

How does this medication work? 

Acarbose, Precose/Glucobay inhibit the enzyme glycoside hydrolases which are needed to digest carbohydrates.  Acarbose, Precose/Glucobay delay the hydrolysis and absorption of glucose which leads to a dose-dependent reduction in postprandial insulin and glucose levels.

How should I take this medication? 

Oral: 25mg to 100mg three times daily.

How to Take:  Take at the onset of a meal.

What should I watch for while using this medication? 

Before starting Acarbose, Precose/Glucobay make sure your physician is aware of any allergies or medications you currently take.   Because of Acarbose, Precose/Glucobay’s glucose lowering effect; self monitoring of blood glucose levels and the adoption of a proper diabetic diet are important to prevent hypoglycemia.  Acarbose, Precose/Glucobay have been shown to elevate serum transaminases.

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of medication, try to take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, take only that scheduled dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

How should I store this medication?

Keep out of the reach of children at all times. Store at room temperature, 59 to 86° F (15 to 30° C). Protect from light. Keep the container tightly closed. Properly dispose of any unused medication after the expiration date.

What are the possible side effects of using this medication?

Flatulence, diarrhea, abdominal pain.

Note this is not a complete list of side effects for Acarbose, Precose/Glucobay only common ones